What is C programming language?

C language is middle-level programming language which was developed at Bell Lab in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie. C programming language combines the features of Low level as well as High-level Language. Hence its considered a middle-level Language.

C language is a high-level classical type programming language that allows you to develop firmware and portable applications. The C programming language was developed with an objective of writing system software. C language is an ideal language for developing firmware systems.

What is the C++ programming language?

C++ is a programming language that contains the feature of C programming language as well as Simula 67( a first object Oriented language). C++ introduced the concept of Class and Objects.

It epitomizes high and low-level language features. therefore, it is seen as an intermediate level language. prior it was called “C with classes” as it had all the properties of the C language.

C Vs. C++: Key Differences

C vs C++

Basis of distinction C C++
Programming type C is a Procedural Oriented language. C++ is an Object-Oriented computer programming language.
Approach

 

C language follows Top Down programming approach C++ follow bottom-up programming approach.
File extension The file extension of a C language program is .c The file extension of a c+ + language is.cpp
Program division In the C computer programming language, a big program code is divided into small pieces which are called functions. In C++ computer programming language, a big program code is divided into Objects and Classes.
Structure Structure in C language does not provide the feature of the function declaration. Structure in C++ language provides the feature of declaring a function as a member function of the structure.
Inline function It does not allow inline function. It supports inline function.
Standard I/O operations In C  programming scanf and printf are used for the standard input and output In C++ programming cin» and cout« are given for standard input and output operations.
Data Security In C programming language the data is not secured. In C++ programming data is secure, so it can’t be accessed by external functions. (Using Encapsulation concept of OOPs)
Pointer C language supports only Pointers. C++ language supports both pointers and references.
Variable In C language, the variable should be defined at the beginning of the program. C++ language allows you to declare variables anywhere in the function.
Point of Focus C  language focuses on the steps or procedures that are followed to solve a problem. C++ language emphasizes the objects and not the steps or procedures. It has a higher abstraction level.
Function Overloading C language does not allow you to use function overloading. C++ language allows you to use function overloading.
Data Types C programming language does not allow you to declare String or Boolean data types. C++ language supports built-in and primitive data types.
Ease of Coding C language is an older programming language that is described as Hands-on. In the C language, you must tell the program to do everything. C++ language is an extension language of C. It allows for the highly controlled object-oriented code.
Compatibility with other languages C language is not compatible with another language. C++ language is compatible with the other generic programming languages.

Conclusion:

  • C language is middle-level programming language which was developed at Bell Lab in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie
  • C++ programming language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1980
  • C language is a high-level classical type programming language that allows you to develop firmware and portable applications
  • C++ language introduced the concept of Class and Object; It encapsulates high and low-level language features
  • C language is a Procedural Oriented language
  • C++ computer programming language is an Object-Oriented Programming language
  • C language supports only Pointers, on the other hand, C++ supports both pointers and references
  • In C programming language, Polymorphism is not possible while it is possible in C++