C language is middle-level programming language which was developed at Bell Lab in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie. C programming language combines the features of Low level as well as High-level Language. Hence its considered a middle-level Language.
C language is a high-level classical type programming language that allows you to develop firmware and portable applications. The C programming language was developed with an objective of writing system software. C language is an ideal language for developing firmware systems.
What is the C++ programming language?
C++ is a programming language that contains the feature of C programming language as well as Simula 67( a first object Oriented language). C++ introduced the concept of Class and Objects.
It epitomizes high and low-level language features. therefore, it is seen as an intermediate level language. prior it was called “C with classes” as it had all the properties of the C language.
C Vs. C++: Key Differences
|Basis of distinction||C||C++|
|Programming type||C is a Procedural Oriented language.||C++ is an Object-Oriented computer programming language.|
|C language follows Top Down programming approach||C++ follow bottom-up programming approach.|
|File extension||The file extension of a C language program is .c||The file extension of a c+ + language is.cpp|
|Program division||In the C computer programming language, a big program code is divided into small pieces which are called functions.||In C++ computer programming language, a big program code is divided into Objects and Classes.|
|Structure||Structure in C language does not provide the feature of the function declaration.||Structure in C++ language provides the feature of declaring a function as a member function of the structure.|
|Inline function||It does not allow inline function.||It supports inline function.|
|Standard I/O operations||In C programming scanf and printf are used for the standard input and output||In C++ programming cin» and cout« are given for standard input and output operations.|
|Data Security||In C programming language the data is not secured.||In C++ programming data is secure, so it can’t be accessed by external functions. (Using Encapsulation concept of OOPs)|
|Pointer||C language supports only Pointers.||C++ language supports both pointers and references.|
|Variable||In C language, the variable should be defined at the beginning of the program.||C++ language allows you to declare variables anywhere in the function.|
|Point of Focus||C language focuses on the steps or procedures that are followed to solve a problem.||C++ language emphasizes the objects and not the steps or procedures. It has a higher abstraction level.|
|Function Overloading||C language does not allow you to use function overloading.||C++ language allows you to use function overloading.|
|Data Types||C programming language does not allow you to declare String or Boolean data types.||C++ language supports built-in and primitive data types.|
|Ease of Coding||C language is an older programming language that is described as Hands-on. In the C language, you must tell the program to do everything.||C++ language is an extension language of C. It allows for the highly controlled object-oriented code.|
|Compatibility with other languages||C language is not compatible with another language.||C++ language is compatible with the other generic programming languages.|
- C language is middle-level programming language which was developed at Bell Lab in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie
- C++ programming language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1980
- C language is a high-level classical type programming language that allows you to develop firmware and portable applications
- C++ language introduced the concept of Class and Object; It encapsulates high and low-level language features
- C language is a Procedural Oriented language
- C++ computer programming language is an Object-Oriented Programming language
- C language supports only Pointers, on the other hand, C++ supports both pointers and references
- In C programming language, Polymorphism is not possible while it is possible in C++